Published February 7, 2013

How Social Signals Affect SEO

By gabriel.gervelis

What if you could foresee the future of Search Engine Optimization? And what if you knew that the landscape of SEO would be forever altered by the influence of Social Media? If you walk in the world of SEO as we now know it, then you’ve heard the chatter about the impact of social media and how the roles of social signals and traditional link building are starting to overlap.

Like it or not, you’re being pulled ever closer to a place where social signals and social sharing are going to become increasingly dominant factors in Search Engine Optimization. Your task then is to understand and subsequently harness this transition. Non-resistance then allows you to benefit from the currents of change that are bringing greater influence to social media while displacing link building as the lead character.

seo puzzleWhen you take a look at some of the more recent Google algorithm updates, including both the Panda and Penguin releases, you’ll notice that Google is starting to assign even greater value to certain links, at the same time they devalue spam links. Other ranking factors, including the usability of a given website and the quality of its content, are becoming increasingly important in the game of search engine rankings as well. These signs all tell you that the satisfaction of your website’s visitor can and do determine your site’s search engine rank.

Will Social Signals Become The New Link?

Devaluing Inbound Links
If, in fact, social signals do become the “new” link, this will necessarily create some changes on the part of major search engines. One such change may be a devaluing or reduction in emphasis on the value of inbound links to your website. While inbound links are likely to retain a certain degree of weight when all ranking factors are considered, they’ll likely lose their place as the ‘holy grail’ of your search engine optimization strategy.  

Social Shares Within A Domain
In the evolution of SEO best practices, you’ll be likely to see movement toward increasing value placed on the quantity and quality of social signals contained within any particular domain. If that is the case, then your next obvious question might be “How will Google index wall posts within my Facebook page to find social shares?”

Social Signal Overflow  
Another change that may be worth your consideration is whether the value of social signals on a given page will overflow or otherwise impact the other pages within your domain. For example, in the current state of SEO, if you have a web page that enjoys an inbound link from a .EDU domain (say Standford University), the power of the .EDU extension gives a higher degree of value to your page than would a link from a .NET domain. By extension, that same inbound link to your page may distribute additional power to other pages that the target page links to.

Social sharing typically happens when people ‘like’ or ‘tweet’ an individual URL or blog post within your website. Take, for instance, a piece of content that has received 500 ‘likes’ on Facebook, could the value of that amount of social sharing then overflow to improve the rank of all the remaining content on your website?

Most commonly, you’ll see the sharing of article-style blog posts but not the sharing of the service-related pages that you’d typically want prospective customers to see in their search results. Case in point, if you happen to work as a consultant or software provider, it’s far more likely for the average site visitor to share content that demonstrates your thought leadership than the content that only speaks to your product features or service offerings.

What Types of Penalties will Google Use For Social Signals?

google panda updateIf Google does elect to issue future penalties, as it did with its Panda and Penguin updates, it may decide to punish certain types of social sharing rather than reward them. If that does happen, what would that look like and why would that happen?

Page Rank by Social Influence
You may want to contemplate that Google may decide to assign a ranking or weight factor for individuals who do share in the social sphere but who might be considered spammers. Let’s say that your run a local HVAC company whose service area spans 20 miles and yet your Facebook fan page has hundreds of ‘Likes’ from fans halfway around the world. It’s conceivable then that your rank would be negatively affected by what Google might construe to be a gaming of the system if the interactions or profile of your followers are deemed lacking or spammy.

Penalties from Social Signals
As in the past, it’s likely that fraudulent efforts to build reach through social channels will receive a strong SLAP by Google and its competitors. The more significant a ranking factor these social signals become, the more likely you are to see both positive and negative consequences depending upon your adherence to the “rules” of SEO engagement.

Additional Penalties for Lack of Usability
In Google’s Panda update, you probably noticed more weight being given to the usability of your site as well as a corresponding penalty if your website lacks user-friendliness as measured by a visitor’s time on site. The penalty issued is a response to what’s deemed as low quality content which fails to engage your readers or hold their attention, thereby decreasing the length of the average visit. If a particular piece of your content is being shared socially yet fails to receive inbound links or adequate time on that page, Google’s algorithm may regard the imbalance as an indication of social spamming.


Is The End Near for Links?

When can you anticipate social signals overtaking traditional link building in the evolution of SEO? Perhaps not this year, but in looking ahead, you should anticipate such a shift as an eventuality; giving careful consideration to the power of social signals not only within your own domain but of those signals contained within the domains that link to your website. Last but not least, do not exclude proven linking strategies including generating more inbound links to your site, properly anchored by those keywords for which you wish to improve your rank.

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